Validation of the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) in Latvia

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentation


Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) was validated within the project “Role of Metabolome, Biomarkers and Ultrasound Parameters in Successful Labour Induction” in Riga Maternity hospital. This study aims to assess the correlation between women’s perceptions of first-child labour experience and the birth outcome.. A 22 item – questionnaire was adapted, translated, and validated from CEQ. Revised questionnaire was given to 60 women at the day of discharge and asked to fill it out 3 weeks postpartum. Survey was carried out from March to June 2022. For statistical analysis Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test were used. Data were analysed by IBM SPSS, 24.0.. 41 primiparous women (68.3% response rate) undergoing induction of labour at term delivery voluntary answered the questionnaire. All items were analysed in four scales – own capacity (8 items), professional support (5 items), perceived safety (6 items), participation (3 items). Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were acceptable for group analyses (>0.70) in all scales. By comparing mean scores statistically significant difference was found between women who underwent spontaneous vaginal delivery (mean value 2.52; SD=0.53) and instrumental vaginal delivery (1.71; SD=0.42) in own capacity scale (p=0.035), and perceived safety scale (p=0.048), mean values 3.11 (SD=0.55) versus 2.2 (SD=0.71). Women who underwent episiotomy during labour scored significantly lower in own capacity scale (p=0.017) comparing to those who did not experience episiotomy (mean value 1.91(SD=0.60) vs 2.50(SD=0.51). Patients who had a contract with midwife scored significantly higher (p=0.048) in professional support scale, mean values 3.82(SD=0.46) vs 3.41(SD=0.61).. CEQ is valid and reliable measure of childbirth experience in Latvia. The results of this pilot study show valuable information about childbirth experience and stress the main points of concern. 
Acknowledgements: This research is funded by the Latvian Council of Science project “Role of Metabolome, Biomarkers and Ultrasound Parameters in Successful Labour Induction”, project
No. lzp-2021/1-0300.
Period29 Mar 2023
Event titleRSU International Research Conference 2023: Knowledge for Use in Practice
Event typeConference
OrganiserRīga Stradiņš University
LocationRiga, LatviaShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational


  • Surveys and questionnaires
  • Quality of health care
  • Induction of labour

Field of Science

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine