2021 ESC Guidelines on cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy: Developed by the Task Force on cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) With the special contribution of the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)

Michael Glikson (Coresponding Author), Jens Cosedis Nielsen (Coresponding Author), Mads Brix Kronborg, ESC Scientific Document Group, Oskars Kalejs (Member of the Working Group)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-164
Number of pages94
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • alternate site pacing
  • atrial fibrillation
  • bradycardia
  • cardiac pacing
  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • complications
  • conduction system pacing
  • Guidelines
  • heart failure
  • pacemaker
  • pacing in TAVI
  • pacing indications
  • syncope
  • temporary pacing

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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