A framework for validating AI in precision medicine: considerations from the European ITFoC consortium

Rosy Tsopra (Coresponding Author), Xose Fernandez, Claudio Luchinat, Lilia Alberghina, Hans Lehrach, Marco Vanoni, Felix Dreher, O Ugur Sezerman Sezerman, Marc Cuggia, Marie de Tayrac, Edvīns Miklaševičs, Lucian Mihai Itu, Marius Geanta , Lesley Ogilvie, Florence Godey, Cristian Nicolae Boldisor, Boris Campillo-Gimenez , Cosmina Cioroboiu, Costin Florian Ciusdel, Simona Coman Oliver Hijano Cubelos, Alina Itu, Bodo Lange, Matthieu Le Gallo, Alexandra Lespagnol, Giancarlo Mauri , H Okan Soykam, Bastien Rance , Paola Turano, Leonardo Tenori, Alessia Vignoli, Christoph Wierling , Nora Benhabiles, Anita Burgun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to transform our healthcare systems significantly. New AI technologies based on machine learning approaches should play a key role in clinical decision-making in the future. However, their implementation in health care settings remains limited, mostly due to a lack of robust validation procedures. There is a need to develop reliable assessment frameworks for the clinical validation of AI. We present here an approach for assessing AI for predicting treatment response in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), using real-world data and molecular -omics data from clinical data warehouses and biobanks.

The European “ITFoC (Information Technology for the Future Of Cancer)” consortium designed a framework for the clinical validation of AI technologies for predicting treatment response in oncology.

This framework is based on seven key steps specifying: (1) the intended use of AI, (2) the target population, (3) the timing of AI evaluation, (4) the datasets used for evaluation, (5) the procedures used for ensuring data safety (including data quality, privacy and security), (6) the metrics used for measuring performance, and (7) the procedures used to ensure that the AI is explainable. This framework forms the basis of a validation platform that we are building for the “ITFoC Challenge”. This community-wide competition will make it possible to assess and compare AI algorithms for predicting the response to TNBC treatments with external real-world datasets.

The predictive performance and safety of AI technologies must be assessed in a robust, unbiased and transparent manner before their implementation in healthcare settings. We believe that the consideration of the ITFoC consortium will contribute to the safe transfer and implementation of AI in clinical settings, in the context of precision oncology and personalized care.
Original languageEnglish
Article number274
Number of pages14
JournalBMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2021


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Precision medicine
  • Personalized medicine
  • Computerized decision support systems
  • cancer
  • oncology

Field of Science*

  • 1.2 Computer and information sciences
  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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