A prospective flexible-dose study of paliperidone palmitate in nonacute but symptomatic patients with schizophrenia previously unsuccessfully treated with oral antipsychotic agents

Andreas Schreiner, Paul Bergmans, Pierre Cherubin, Sofia Keim, Elmars Rancans, Yasin Bez, Eduard Parellada, Bernardo Carpiniello, Pierre Vidailhet, Ludger Hargarter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Implications The PALMFlexS study is a pragmatic interventional study compared with randomized controlled trials, conducted in a large, more representative sample of patients with schizophrenia, and designed specifically to mimic real-world clinical situations. The findings support the results from randomized controlled studies. The findings support results from randomized controlled studies. They also demonstrate that a clinically relevant treatment response is possible in patients who are considered to be clinically stable by their physician, supporting the use of flexibly dosed PP in such patients. Clinical trials.gov number: NCT01281527.

Purpose The goal of this study was to explore the tolerability, safety, and treatment response of flexible doses of once-monthly paliperidone palmitate (PP) in the subset of nonacute but symptomatic adult patients with schizophrenia previously unsuccessfully treated with oral antipsychotic agents in the PALMFlexS (Paliperidone Palmitate Flexible Dosing in Schizophrenia) study.

Methods This was an interventional, single-arm, international, multicenter, unblinded, 6-month study performed in patients with schizophrenia. Patients were categorized according to reasons for switching. In patients switching because of lack of efficacy or for other reasons, primary efficacy outcomes were the proportion achieving treatment response (defined as ≥20% improvement in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale [PANSS] total score from baseline to last-observation-carried-forward end point) and maintained efficacy (defined as noninferiority in the change in PANSS total score at end point versus baseline [Schuirmann's test]), respectively.

Findings A total of 593 patients (intention-to-treat population) were enrolled: 63.1% were male; their mean (SD) age was 38.4 (11.8) years; and 78.6% had paranoid schizophrenia. The main reasons for transition to PP were patient's wish (n = 259 [43.7%]), lack of efficacy (n = 144 [24.3%]), lack of compliance (n = 138 [23.3%]), and lack of tolerability (n = 52 [8.8%]) with the previous oral antipsychotic medication. The recommended PP initiation regimen (150 milligram equivalents [mg eq] day 1 and 100 mg eq day 8) was administered in 93.9% of patients. Mean PANSS total score decreased from 71.5 (14.6) at baseline to 59.7 (18.1) at end point (mean change, -11.7 [15.9]; 95% CI, -13.0 to -10.5; P < 0.0001). Sixty-four percent of patients showed an improvement of ≥20% in PANSS total score, and the percentage of patients rated mildly ill or less in Clinical Global Impression-Severity increased from 31.8% to 63.2%. Mean personal and social performance total score (SD) increased (ie, improved) significantly for all patients from baseline to end point (58.1 [13.4] to 66.1 [15.7]; P < 0.0001).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1372-1388.e1
JournalClinical Therapeutics
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2014

Keywords*

  • long-acting antipsychotic
  • nonacute
  • paliperidone palmitate
  • schizophrenia

Field of Science*

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A prospective flexible-dose study of paliperidone palmitate in nonacute but symptomatic patients with schizophrenia previously unsuccessfully treated with oral antipsychotic agents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this