Analysis of the domains of hepatitis C virus core and NS5A proteins that activate the NRF2/are cascade

O. A. Smirnova, O. N. Ivanova, F. S. Mukhtarov, V. L. Tunitskaya, J. Jansons, M. G. Isaguliants, S. N. Kochetkov, A. V. Ivanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hepatitis C virus (HCV) triggers a chronic disease that is often accompanied by a spectrum of liver pathologies and metabolic alterations. The oxidative stress that occurs in the infected cells is considered as one of the mechanisms of HCV pathogenesis. It is induced by the viral core and NS5A proteins. It is already known that both of these proteins activate the antioxidant defense system controlled by the Nrf2 transcription factor. Here, we show that this activation is mediated by domain 1 of the NS5A protein and two fragments of the core protein. In both cases, this activation is achieved through two mechanisms. One of them is mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and protein kinase C, whereas the other is triggered through ROS-independent activation of casein kinase 2 and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. In the case of the HCV core, the ROS-dependent mechanism was assigned to the 37-191 a.a. fragment, while the ROS-independent mechanism was assigned to the 1-36 a.a. fragment. Such assignment of the mechanisms to different domains is the first evidence of their independence. In addition, our data revealed that intracellular localization of HCV proteins has no impact on the regulation of the antioxidant defense system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
JournalActa Naturae
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Nrf2
  • Oxidative stress
  • Regulation
  • Transcription factor

Field of Science

  • 1.6 Biological sciences
  • 3.4 Medical biotechnology

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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