Antihypertensive therapy of late arterial hypertension in children following successful coarctation correction

Skaiste Sendzikaite (Coresponding Author), Rita Sudikiene, Inguna Lubaua, Pauls Silis, Agata Rybak, Grazyna Brzezinska-Rajszys, Iukasz Obrycki, Mieczysiaw Litwin, Augustina Jankauskiene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Backgroung:Late arterial hypertension (AH) is the most significant complication of coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Only a few clinical studies described antihypertensive treatment of late AH following successful CoA repair. The primary objective of this multicentre cross-sectional study was to describe real-life antihypertensive therapy for late AH in children after hemodynamically successful CoA repair. The secondary objective was to describe antihypertensive therapy used within different haemodynamic phenotypes of AH.Method:Blood pressure status, echocardiographic parameters and central blood pressure measurements were evaluated in 110 children aged 6-18years following successful CoA repair with right arm blood pressure not exceeding leg blood pressure by at least 20mmHg.Results:AH was found in 62 (56%) patients including 47 who were already treated and 15 with new diagnosed AH of whom seven presented with masked hypertension. Among treated patients, 10 presented with masked hypertension. The dominant phenotype of AH among patients with uncontrolled AH was isolated systolic hypertension (32 patients out of 37; 87.5%). AH was controlled in 53% of treated patients. Fifty-three percent of hypertensive patients had elevated central SBP and 39% had left ventricular hypertrophy with various left ventricle geometry patterns, 23% of them had both. β-adrenergic receptor blockers were the most used antihypertensive drugs followed by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors with doses within the lower recommended range.Conclusion:High prevalence of uncontrolled AH despite successful CoA repair and use of relatively low doses of antihypertensive drugs indicates the need of close blood pressure monitoring and more intensive and combined antihypertensive therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2476-2485
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • antihypertensive therapy
  • arterial hypertension
  • children
  • coarctation of aorta

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


Dive into the research topics of 'Antihypertensive therapy of late arterial hypertension in children following successful coarctation correction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this