Application of Biopolymeric Electrospun Nanofibers in Biological Science

Mehdihasan I. Shekh (Coresponding Author), Jhaleh Amirian , Gisya Abdi, Dijit M. Patel, Bing Du

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Biopolymers are those class of macromolecules which are found in nature or extracted from the living organisms. Various structures and properties of the biopolymers-based materials are well researched till to date. These mainly includes hydrogels, bio glasses, bio inks, biocomposites, fibers and others. These biopolymers-based structures have some limitations. However, Biopolymers have some common advantages (ie, nontoxicity, easy availability, monodispersity, degradability, and better solubility etc.) and disadvantages (ie, poor thermal and chemical stabilities, brittleness etc.). To overcome these disadvantages, it is necessary to tailor these polymers by few emerging techniques like “Electrospinning”. Electrospinning is one of the easiest techniques to prepare nanofibers from polymeric solutions by applying high voltage. Obtained nano/micro structural polymeric fibers have good properties like high surface area, porosity and low weights etc. The materials having high surface area and porosity can easily interact with cells and tissues, are better mobile vehicles for drugs, as well as possess good filtration and adsorption abilities. Thus, these one-dimensional structures of the biopolymers are very useful in various fields of biomedical especially water sanitation/desalination, tissue engineering, drug delivery and scaffolds.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanohybrids - Future Materials For Biomedical Applications
EditorsG. Sharma, A. Garcia-Penas
PublisherMaterials Research Forum LLC
Chapter7
Pages156-201
Number of pages46
Volume87
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-64490-107-6
ISBN (Print)978-1-64490-106-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Foundations
Volume87
ISSN (Print)2471-8890
ISSN (Electronic)2471-8904

Keywords*

  • Bioengineering
  • Biopolymers
  • Electrospinning
  • Nanofibers
  • Scaffolds
  • Drug Delivery

Field of Science*

  • 1.6 Biological sciences
  • 2.10 Nano-technology
  • 2.5 Materials engineering
  • 2.6 Medical engineering

Publication Type*

  • 3.2. Articles or chapters in other proceedings other than those included in 3.1., with an ISBN or ISSN code

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