Approaches and factors of small power candidacy for United Nations Security Council: Baltic example

Eduards Gailišs

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


The main objective of the research is to assess and compare the main approaches and factors in candidacy process of small powers for United Nations Security Council and to analyze how these approaches are used in the international society concept. This is based on the example of the Baltic States. Published documents of foreign services of Baltic States, press releases and materials in the media on bilateral meetings are primary sources for this research. Qualitative text analysis is used in the research to characterize the main Small Power approaches for candidacy process in the United Nations Security Council. All Baltic States increased their participation in structures of United Nations during the candidacy process. Estonia created an image as e-governance solution broker and showed itself as innovative small power that aims to improve conflict prevention at United Nations Security Council. Lithuania relied on bilateral political Factors, bilateral meetings, experience in other international institutions and it’s reputation at United Nations. Estonia was elected for (2020-2021), but Lithuania was elected for (2014-2015). Latvia has only started it’s Candidacy process for non-permanent seat in United Nations Security Council (2026-2027). The Baltic example demonstrates that a small power has to increase it’s membership in different structures of United Nations in order to be seen as serious Candidate for non-permanent seat in Security Council. The approach to Candidacy may include exchanging reciprocal support for the Candidature, gaining International Reputation in other Institutions and relying on bilateral political Factors and Meetings. Another and more expensive approach is to create an image of a country, support specific values and come up with themes related to International Norms in the United Nations Security Council. In order to get non-permanent seat in United Nations Security Council, small power is recommended to acquire specific strategy to gain reputation in International Society.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes
EventRSU Research week 2021: PLACES - Rīga, Latvia
Duration: 25 Mar 202125 Mar 2021
Conference number: 2


ConferenceRSU Research week 2021: PLACES
Abbreviated titleRW2021
Internet address

Field of Science*

  • 5.6 Political science

Publication Type*

  • 3.4. Other publications in conference proceedings (including local)


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