Association between family relationship satisfaction and symptoms of depression and anxiety among health care workers during the first emergency situation of COVID-19 in Latvia

Laura Valaine, Katrīna Līga Zilgalve, Laura Lagzdiņa, Gunta Ancāne, Ģirts Briģis

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

Symptoms of depression and anxiety are increasing among health care workers (HCW) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Social support is an important protective factor for mental health. The aim of the study was to assess the association between relationship satisfaction and symptoms of depression and anxiety among HCW during the first emergency situation of Covid-19 in Latvia. A quantitative cross-sectional study in the population of HCW in Latvia was made in April-June 2020. In the study participated 864 HCW. Depression symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale, anxiety simptoms- using General Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale. Participants were asked about the family relationship status- married, unmarried with a partner, single- and feeling of satisfaction in it. Data was analyzed using SPSS- Chi-Square tests, Mann–Whitney U test, Kruskall Wallis test. The status of the relationship was obtained from 838 participants: 43% (n=360)- married, 33.5% (n=281)- unmarried with a partner, 23.5% (n=197)- single. The satisfaction of the relationship was obtained from 790 participants: 90,5% married (N=338), 84,3% unmarried with a partner (N=268) and 68,5% singles (N=184) were satisfied. There wasn’t statistically significant differences between depression and anxiety symptoms and relationship status (p=0,348; p=0,375). Dissatisfied married HCW noted more severe anxiety symptoms (p=0.010) in comparison with satisfied married HCW, whereas the statistically significant difference between marital satisfaction and depression symptoms was not found (p=0.158). Dissatisfied unmarried HCW with a partner (p=0,006; p=0,033) and dissatisfied single HCW (p<0,001; p=0,001) had more severe depression and anxiety symptoms in comparison with corresponding satisfied groups. There is a statistically significant association between family relationship dissatisfaction and anxiety symptoms among married, unmarried with a partner and single HCW. There is a statistically significant association between family relationship dissatisfaction and depression symptoms among unmarried with a partner and a single HCW.
Original languageEnglish
Pages245
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2021
EventRSU Research week 2021: Knowledge for Use in Practice - Rīga, Latvia
Duration: 24 Mar 202126 Mar 2021
https://rw2021.rsu.lv/conferences/knowledge-use-practice

Conference

ConferenceRSU Research week 2021: Knowledge for Use in Practice
Abbreviated titleRW2021
CountryLatvia
CityRīga
Period24/03/2126/03/21
Internet address

Field of Science

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type

  • 3.4. Other publications in conference proceedings (including local)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Association between family relationship satisfaction and symptoms of depression and anxiety among health care workers during the first emergency situation of COVID-19 in Latvia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this