Changes in wealth inequality in the modern European-American civilization

Edmunds Čižo, Iveta Mietule, Anita Kokarevica, Inta Ostrovska, Vera Komarova (Coresponding Author)

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This article aims to analyze changes in wealth inequality in the modern Euro-American civilization (EAC). The research object includes the USA, Western Europe, Latvia, Ukraine, and Russia. A tool for measuring and comparing wealth inequality is through statistical deciles: the top 10% (including the top 1%), the middle 40%, and the bottom 50% of the population. The time points used for diachronic analysis are: 1995 and 2021. The data source is the World Inequality Database. The results of this study show that in different parts of the modern EAC, there are different trends of changes in wealth inequality: from rapid concentrating to deconcentrating. The USA and Russia are vivid examples of similar (rapidly increasing) wealth inequality, with a very strong wealth concentration, although the average per adult national wealth in the USA is 4-5 times higher than in Russia. Latvia and Ukraine represent an intermediate option between Western Europe and the USA/Russia, which differ from each other in the cultural dimensions of Hofstede. The authors see the multipolarity of the modern EAC, split into the original, European, civilization and two peripheral ones – American and Russian, which are similar in terms of wealth inequality in society, but different in cultural values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-454
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • diachronic analysis
  • Euro-American civilization (EAC)
  • multipolarity
  • statistical deciles
  • wealth concentration
  • wealth inequality

Field of Science*

  • 5.2 Economy and Business

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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