Clinical Symptoms Influencing Parkinson's Patients' Quality of Life in Latvia: A Single-Center Cohort Study

Olga Minibajeva (Coresponding Author), Estere Zeltiņa, Guntis Karelis, Nataļja Kurjāne, Viktorija Ķēniņa

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Background and Objectives: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic, progressive illness with a profound impact on health-related quality of life, and it is crucial to know what factors influence the quality of life throughout the course of the disease. This study aimed to evaluate PD patients' motor and non-motor symptoms to compare symptom severity between PD clinical phenotypes and to assess the impact of disease symptoms on quality of life in a cohort of Latvian patients. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 43 patients with Parkinson's disease. Fourteen patients had tremor dominant (TD) PD, twenty-five patients had postural instability/gait difficulty (PIGD), and four patients had a mixed phenotype. Results: The patients' mean age was 65.21 years, and the disease's mean duration was 7 years. The most common non-motor symptoms were fatigue (95.3%), sleep disturbance (83.7%), daytime sleepiness (83.7%), and pain and other sensations (81.4%). PIGD patients had a higher prevalence of depressed mood, daytime sleepiness, constipation, lightheadedness on standing, cognitive impairment, and severe gastrointestinal and urinary disturbances (as assessed using the SCOPA-AUT domains) compared with TD patients. A high prevalence of fatigue was assessed in both disease subtypes. Health-related quality of life significantly statistically correlated with MDS-UPDRS parts III and IV (r = 0.704), the Hoehn and Yahr scale (r = 0.723), as well as the SCOPA-AUT scale's gastrointestinal (r = 0.639), cardiovascular (r = 0.586), thermoregulatory (r = 0.566) and pupillomotor domains (r = 0.597). Conclusions: The severity of motor symptoms, as well as non-motor symptoms, such as fatigue, apathy, sleep problems and daytime sleepiness, pain, and disturbances in gastrointestinal and cardiovascular function, negatively affect PD patients' health-related quality of life. Thermoregulatory and pupillomotor symptoms also significantly affect PD patients' well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Article number935
JournalMedicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2023


  • Humans
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Cohort Studies
  • Latvia/epidemiology
  • Quality of Life
  • Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
  • Fatigue/epidemiology
  • Severity of Illness Index

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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