Comprehensive overview on multiple strategies fighting covid-19

Shaden A.M. Khalifa (Coresponding Author), Briksam S. Mohamed, Mohamed H. Elashal, Ming Du, Zhiming Guo, Chao Zhao, Syed Ghulam Musharraf, Mohammad H. Boskabady, Haged H.R. El-Seedi, Thomas Efferth, Hesham R. El-Seedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Lately, myriad of novel viruses have emerged causing epidemics such as SARS, MERS, and SARS-CoV-2, leading to high mortality rates worldwide. Thus, these viruses represented a challenging threat to mankind, especially considering the miniscule data available at our disposal regarding these novel viruses. The entire world established coordinative relations in research projects regarding drug and vaccine development on the external range, whereas on the internal range, all countries declared it an emergency case through imposing different restrictions related to their border control, large gatherings, school attendance, and most social activities. Pandemic combating plans prioritized all sectors including normal people, medical staff politicians, and scientists collectively shouldered the burden. Through planning and learning the previous lessons from SARS and MERS, healthcare systems could succeed in combating the viral spread and implications of these new pandemics. Different management strategies including social distance, social awareness and isolation represented successful ways to slow down the spread of the pandemic. Furthermore, pre-preparedness of some countries for emergencies is crucial to minimize the consequences of the crisis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5813
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Economic recession
  • Global health responses
  • Health care systems
  • Strategies
  • Symptoms

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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