Creation of Anatomically Correct and Optimized for 3D Printing Human Bones Models

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


Educational institutions in several countries state that the education sector should be modernized to ensure a contemporary, individualized, and more open learning process by introducing and developing advance digital solutions and learning tools. Visualization along with 3D printing have already found their implementation in different medical fields in Pauls Stradiņš Clinical University Hospital, and Rīga Stradiņš University, where models are being used for prosthetic manufacturing, surgery planning, simulation of procedures, and student education. The study aimed to develop a detailed methodology for the creation of anatomically correct and optimized models for 3D printing from radiological data using only free and widely available software. In this study, only free and cross-platform software from widely available internet sources has been used—“Meshmixer”, “3D Slicer”, and “Meshlab”. For 3D printing, the Ultimaker 5S 3D printer along with PLA material was used. In its turn, radiological data have been obtained from the “New Mexico Decedent Image Database”. In total, 28 models have been optimized and printed. The developed methodology can be used to create new models from scratch, which can be used will find implementation in different medical and scientific fields—simulation processes, anthropology, 3D printing, bioprinting, and education.
Original languageEnglish
Article number67
Number of pages15
JournalApplied System Innovation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sept 2021


  • medical
  • segmentation
  • 3D
  • printing
  • radiology
  • Meshmixer
  • Slicer
  • Meshlab

Field of Science*

  • 2.6 Medical engineering
  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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