Criminogenic Manifestations of Football Fans and Prevention : Latvian and Foreign Experience: Summary

Karina Zalcmane

Research output: Types of ThesisDoctoral Thesis


The doctoral thesis “Criminogenic Manifestations of Football Fans and Prevention: Latvian and Foreign Experience” is a comprehensive criminological research project regard-ing a new social phenomenon ? football fan subculture. The criminogenic manifestations of football fans are unlawful and harmful. It threatens the system of human relations in a society that ensures social peace, normal working and leisure conditions. In addition, the person's life and health, and the financial interests of natural and legal persons, may also be harmed. Inter-national sports competitions are also organised in the Republic of Latvia, therefore research into the criminogenic phenomena of football fans is topical and very needed as no similar ac-ademic research has been conducted in Latvia yet. The aim of the doctoral thesis is to develop a study, including a theoretical and practi-cal complex on the criminological problems of the criminogenic manifestations of football fans, as well as to provide proposals for their solution. The complexity of approach and the principle of interaction are important in crimino-logical research. Various statistics and studies have been widely used to investigate the crimi-nogenic manifestations of football fans. The research carried out a criminological study of the socio-legal phenomena of football fan as a subject of criminological exploration: analysis of the football fan as the object of criminological research, the criminological characterization of football fans' criminogenic manifestations, as well as investigation of possible preventive measures of football fan criminogenic manifestations. The doctoral thesis is based on scientific literature and research papers, articles in criminology, criminal law, sociology and psychology. As a result of the doctoral thesis, con-clusions and proposals have been made in the field of investigation of the criminogenic mani-festations of football fans, as well as through the system of criminological research the im-provement of sports law and sports industry regulation is proposed. The doctoral thesis con-sists of an introduction, three chapters divided into subchapters, and a conclusion, as well as a list of references and annexes.
Original languageEnglish
  • Lieljuksis, Aldis, First/Primary/Lead supervisor
Place of PublicationRiga
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Legal Science
  • Criminology
  • football fans
  • criminogenic manifestations
  • criminological research
  • sports criminology

Field of Science*

  • 5.5 Law

Publication Type*

  • 4. Doctoral Thesis


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