Cyber Technology and the European Union’s Gestaltian Approach to China

Reza Hasmath (Coresponding Author), Una Berzina-Cerenkova

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Contemporary European Union (EU) and China relations are marked by a simultaneously beneficial, conflictual and competitive partnership. This is aptly evident in the cyber technology realm. This paper contends that the European Union’s gestaltian approach towards China can be understood with the aid of three theoretical positions: (1) an institutional perspective; (2) as a values-based actor; and, (3) a realpolitik dimension. The arguments advanced in the paper, ultimately imply that the EU’s approach towards China can provide various EU domestic and global actors’ space to exploit contradictions, notably when it comes to cyber technology diplomacy. This has the attendant effect of fostering future fissures in the EU’s overall engagement with China.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10
Number of pages10
JournalStosunki Międzynarodowe – International Relations
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2022


  • China
  • European Union
  • Cyber Technology
  • institutionalism
  • values
  • realpolitik
  • Huawei

Field of Science*

  • 5.6 Political science

Publication Type*

  • 1.4. Reviewed scientific article published in Latvia or abroad in a scientific journal with an editorial board (including university editions)


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