DAid pressure socks system: Performance evaluation

Peteris Eizentals (Coresponding Author), Alexei Katashev, Alexander Oks, Zane Pavare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Plantar pressure measurement has been proven to produce crucial information for gait analysis. Socks with integrated textile pressure sensors are a promising tool for non-obtrusive plantar pressure acquisition and monitoring. Research question: Can the DAid Pressure Socks System be employed for the measurement of plantar pressure and temporal parameters during walking? Method: Plantar pressure measurement was acquired simultaneously by the DAid Pressure Socks System (DPSS) and Pedar® insole measurement system for a normal walking gait of 17 volunteers. The measurement from both systems was processed and gait temporal parameters were calculated. The calculated temporal parameters included stride time, step time, stance time, swing time, single support time, double support time, and cadence. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was calculated to evaluate the agreement between the plantar pressure measurement and temporal parameters obtained from both systems. Results: For plantar pressure measurement, excellent agreement (ICC > 0.90) was achieved in approximately 23 % cases, while in roughly 37 %, 27 %, and 13 % cases the agreement was good (ICC > 0.75), moderate (ICC > 0.50), and poor (ICC < 0.50), respectively. The mean relative differences (as a percentage) between the temporal parameter values calculated from the measurement of both systems were 0.80 % (stride time), 3.06 % (step time), 3.15 % (stance time), 5.08 % (swing time / opposite single support time), 14.47 % (double support time), and 0.78 % (cadence). Significance: The ICC result calculated for the plantar pressure measurement indicated a reasonable agreement between both systems. Additionally, the relatively low mean difference was observed for 5 out of 6 calculated temporal gait parameters. Consequently, the presented DPSS could be considered as a substitute for the commercial gait analysis tools for applications that do not require great accuracy of the absolute plantar pressure measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-376
Number of pages9
JournalGait and Posture
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Gait analysis
  • Smart socks
  • Smart textile
  • Textile pressure sensors

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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