Data on cardiac and vascular functionality in ex vivo and in vivo models following acute administration of trimethylamine N-oxide

Melita Videja (Coresponding Author), Reinis Vilskersts, Eduards Sevostjanovs, Edgars Liepinsh, Maija Dambrova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This dataset describes in detail the outcomes of acute trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) administration on cardiac, vascular and mitochondrial functionality in ex vivo and in vivo models. The accumulation of TMAO in target tissues was assessed after performing heart perfusion or by incubating aortic tissue in a solution containing TMAO. To evaluate the impact of TMAO on mitochondrial function, the aortic rings and heart homogenates of Wistar rats were incubated in a solution containing [9,10- 3H] palmitate (5 µCi/ml) or D-[U- 14C] glucose (0.625 µCi/ml) in the presence or absence of TMAO with subsequent measurement of substrate oxidation and uptake. The effects of TMAO on the vascular reactivity of isolated conductance and resistance vessels were tested by measuring their response to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside. The impact of elevated TMAO levels on cardiac function and infarct size caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury was evaluated in Langendorff perfused heart model. Normal and forced heart functioning was analyzed by echocardiography in CD-1 mouse acute cardiac stress model induced by isoproterenol (10 µg/mouse) upon single and 7 repeated daily administrations of TMAO (120 mg/kg). The data presented in the manuscript provide valuable information on measurements performed under conditions of acutely elevated TMAO levels in experimental models of cardiac and vascular function and energy metabolism. Furthermore, the data have high reuse potential as they could be applied in the planning of future in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo studies addressing the molecular mechanisms targeted by elevated levels of TMAO.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108890
JournalData in Brief
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Cardiovascular functionality
  • Endothelial function
  • Energy substrate metabolism
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Trimethylamine N-oxide

Field of Science*

  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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