Demographics, characteristics and intrahospital mortality rate among ischemic stroke patients in Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital from 2016 to 2020

Sintija Strautmane, Vlada Meļņikova, Jānis Vētra, Kristaps Jurjāns, Evija Miglāne, Andrejs Millers

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

Ischemic stroke (IS) is the leading cause of disability, cognitive dysfunction and mortality worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine demographics, characteristics and intrahospital mortality among stroke patients in a tertiary university hospital during a five year period. A retrospective study was conducted enrolling 4753 IS patients admitted to Pauls Stradins clinical university hospital, Riga, Latvia from 2016 to 2020. The IS diagnosis was confirmed by head computed tomography (CT). The pathogenetic IS subtypes were determined using Causative Classification System for IS (CCSIS). Patient demographic, characteristic and clinical outcome data were collected. 56,24% (n=2673) of our study group were females. Mean age of the patients was 73,3 years. The two IS subtypes with the highest prevalence among our study population were atherothrombotic stroke (AS) and cardioembolic stroke (CS): AS – 27,44% (n=1394), CS – 47,38% (n=2252), respectively. Lacunar stroke (LS) was detected in 9,49% (n=451) patients. Other specified stroke (SS) types were noted in 2,42% (n=115) patients, meanwhile 13,28% (n=631) were cases of unspecified stroke (US). The intrahospital mortality rate among our study population was 11,99% (n=570) with the greatest rate observed among patients with CS: 16,79% (n=378). The intrahospital mortality rate among other IS subtypes were as follows: AS: 7,59% (n=99), LS: 0,67% (n=3), SS: 8,70% (n=10), US: 12,68% (n=80), respectively.  IS is a common entity with an immense public health importance. In our study population, IS was identified mostly among elderly patients with a slight female predominance. The most commonly observed IS subtype with the greatest mortality rate was CS. LS was the rarest IS subtype and was presented with the lowest intrahospital mortality rate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages207
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2021
EventRSU Research week 2021: Knowledge for Use in Practice - Rīga, Latvia
Duration: 24 Mar 202126 Mar 2021
https://rw2021.rsu.lv/conferences/knowledge-use-practice

Conference

ConferenceRSU Research week 2021: Knowledge for Use in Practice
Abbreviated titleRW2021
CountryLatvia
CityRīga
Period24/03/2126/03/21
Internet address

Field of Science

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type

  • 3.4. Other publications in conference proceedings (including local)

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