Dietary behaviour in students with different body fat percent

Rudite Lagzdiņa, Leons Blumfelds, Maija Rumaka, Līga Aberberga-Augškalne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Eating habits with uniform food preferences and increased energy intake can contribute to increased gain of body fat. An adequate diet, body self-evaluation, and recognition of unhealthy nutrition patterns should promote appropriate corrective actions. The aim of the present study was to determine whether energy intake, food diversity and corrective modification of body mass differed among student groups with low, normal and high body fat percentage. The study involved 737 (158 male and 579 female) students of the Rīga Stradiņš University (age 18-49 years). Dietary behaviour was determined using self-administered questionnaire. Body fat percentage was determined with a Tanita MC-180 bioimpedance analyser. Fluid and food intake, as well as physical activity before the test was restricted. The results showed that 15% of students in the low, 38% in the normal and 62% in the high body fat percentage groups considered that they eat too much. In the low, normal and high body fat percentage groups of students, 27%, 37% and 42%, respectively, agreed that they do restrict food intake. There were no significant differences in normalised energy intake and food diversity indexes between these student groups. Students in the high body fat percentage group more frequently admitted eating to much, and their corrective behaviour was associated more with reduced amounts of eaten food rather than minimisation of energy intake and increased food diversity. In all fat percentage groups, female students more frequently admitted that they eat too much and more often tended to restrict food intake than male students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-366
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, Section B: Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences
Volume67
Issue number4-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Body fat percent
  • Eating habits
  • Energy intake
  • Food diversity

Field of Science

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 1.6 Biological sciences

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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