DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS BETWEEN DANDY-WALKER SYNDROME AND MEGA CISTERNA MAGNA - A CASE REPORT IN GENERAL PRACTICE

Anna Marija Prince, Vija Siliņa (Scientific Advisor), Ilze Jākobsone (Scientific Advisor)

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Abstract

Introduction. Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) is considered a rare congenital brain malformation. It is not commonly reported from a general practitioner’s point of view.
Case Description. In 2002 the patient was born with intraventricular haemorrhage II, Apgar score 1/3/5 and was admitted to ICU. Three months after birth parents noticed developmental delay. At the age of 10 months (September 19th, 2003) the patient was diagnosed with periventricular leukomalacia and Dandy-Walker syndrome after brain MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) demonstrated wide posterior fossa with open foramen magendie communicating with the 4th ventricle and hypoplastic vermis cerebelli inferior. The parents and family physician worked on patient’s condition with regular physical, occupational and
speech therapy sessions. In the September of 2020, the patient received another head MRI, that suggested, that the patient has mega cisterna magna without previously described findings. After thorough investigation diagnosis was made.
Summary. Patient started to show signs of neurological disorder soon after birth and was diagnosed with Dandy-Walker syndrome. At the age of 17 another MRI was performed, that concluded that there were no characteristic signs of DWS, but a finding of mega cisterna magna. Clinical presentation supports DWS diagnosis as more likely in this case.
Conclusion. Dandy-Walker syndrome is a rare anomaly, and it could be misdiagnosed in people with mega cisterna magna and vice versa especially in patients with perinatal hypoxia. Mega cisterna magna refers to a normal variant, but in this case, patient has severe neurologic deficit, DWS supports the clinical presentation. It is vital for patients with neurologic deficit to receive regular physical, occupational and speech therapy to maintain their health. Uncertainty of diagnosis rises doubts in adequacy of care both in patient’s parents and family physician.
Original languageEnglish
Pages360
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event7th RSU International Student Conference 2021: Health and Social Sciences - RSU, Rīga, Latvia
Duration: 22 Mar 202123 Mar 2021
Conference number: 7
https://isc.rsu.lv/
https://isc.rsu.lv/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/ISC2021_Health-Abstracts.pdf
https://isc.rsu.lv/about/past-conferences/

Conference

Conference7th RSU International Student Conference 2021
Abbreviated titleISC 2021
Country/TerritoryLatvia
CityRīga
Period22/03/2123/03/21
Internet address

Keywords*

  • Dandy-Walker syndrome
  • mega cisterna magna

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 3.4. Other publications in conference proceedings (including local)

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