Disability, pain catastrophizing and stress coping of patients with low back pain in rehabilitation practice in Latvia

Anna Millere (Coresponding Author), Zaiga Kalnberza-Ribule, Matiss Mezals, Anda Nulle, Inga Millere, Liāna Deklava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is known that pain has emotional and behavioral consequences that influence the development of problems and outcome of treatment. Patients' attitudes and coping mechanisms seem to play a causal role in the chronification of low back pain (LBP) and augment a cycle of chronic pain and disability. OBJECTIVE: To examine pain catastrophizing, stress coping strategies and disability among patients with low back pain in rehabilitation practice in Latvia. METHODS: Seventy-four patients participated in the study. We used the Demographic questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale, The Oswestry Low Back Disability Questionnaire, Pain Catastrophizing Scale and 'The Ways of Coping scale'. RESULTS: According to our data there is a strong interrelationship of disability and pain catastrophizing. The research data shows significantly higher scores of pain catastrophizing in patients with a more severe disability. CONCLUSIONS: Achieved research highlights the importance of a multifactorial approach to pain management and the enormous significance of pain catastrophizing in patients with low back pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-328
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Disability
  • Low back pain
  • Pain catastrophizing
  • Rehabilitation

Field of Science

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine
  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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