Distribution and Appearance of Ki-67, IL-1α, IL-10, and PGP 9.5 in Reinke’s Oedema-Affected Larynx Tissue Compared with Control Tissue

Vita Konopecka (Coresponding Author), Māra Pilmane, Dins Sumerags, Gunta Sumeraga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Smoking, laryngopharyngeal reflux, and vocal fold abuse can promote the development of Reinke’s oedema, leading to vocal fold dysfunction and injury. The aim of the work was to investigate the appearance and distribution of proliferation marker Ki-67 (Ki-67), interleukin 10 (IL10), interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1α), and protein gene peptide 9.5 (PGP 9.5) in Reinke’s oedema-affected larynx tissue. Methods: A routine histological and immunohistochemical Reinke’s oedema and control group patient analysis was conducted. We used the biotin–streptavidin biochemical method to detect Ki-67, IL-10, IL-1α, and PGP 9.5 The semiquantitative grading method was used to evaluate immunoreactive cells' appearance and local distribution. A Mann–Whitney U test and Spearman’s rank coefficient were performed. Results: A low positive correlation between IL-1α epithelial and subepithelial immunoreactive cells in the patient group was found. Mann–Whitney U tests revealed
significant patient and control group immunoreactive marker differences. All examined markers showed a higher number of immunoreactive structures in the patient group. Conclusions: Intensive proliferation of the surface epithelium was observed in patient tissues. The notable increase in IL10 positive structures indicates the dominant anti-inflammatory tissue response. An increased number of IL-1α structures in the larynx epithelium and subepithelium in the patient group is linked to inflammation, proliferation, and tissue remodelling. The PGP 9.5 expression increase is involved in the morphopathogenesis of Reinke’s oedema.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1379
Number of pages10
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2021


  • Reinke’s oedema
  • IL-10
  • IL-1α
  • Ki-67
  • PGP 9.5
  • larynx

Field of Science*

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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