Does a Caesarean Section Scar Affect Placental Volume, Vascularity and Localization?

Diana Bokučava (Coresponding Author), Anda Ķīvīte-Urtāne, Pavels Domaševs, Laura Lūse, Natālija Vedmedovska, Gilbert G.G. Donders

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Caesarean section is associated with an increased risk of abnormal placental implantation and adverse pregnancy outcomes in subsequent pregnancies. Besides the placenta accrete spectrum, only a few of the previous studies focused on other placental development alterations in the scarred uterus. We assessed placental development deviations in the uterus with a Caesarean section scar by evaluating placental volume (PV) and vascular flow indexes. From 1 January 2021 until 31 March 2022, placental volumes and vascularization indexes (VI, FI, VFI) were prospectively measured by 3D power Doppler and VOCAL techniques in 221 patients attending the first trimester screening program. We also calculated the placental quotient to standardize PV to the gestational age. No statistically significant differences in the values of placental volume, placental quotient and placental vascularization indexes were detected between women with previous Caesarean section delivery or women with vaginal delivery. FI was significantly lower in nulliparous in the first trimester. The results of our study suggest that 3D placental evaluation was not able to detect placental development alteration in the uterus with a Caesarean section scar. Future research needs to verify whether 3D power Doppler and Vocal techniques can provide more information if used in an earlier gestational age.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2674
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 3 Nov 2022


  • Caesarean section scar
  • three-dimensional ultrasonography
  • placental volume
  • placental vascular indexes

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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