Double vascularized fibula proximal growth plate transplantation: Novel technique for the radial longitudinal deficiency (RLD) grade IV reconstruction

Dzintars Ozols (Coresponding Author), Marisa M. Butnere, Linda Kalnina, Arturs Mokanu, Santa Ozola, Aleksandrs Mikitins, Aigars Pētersons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Radial absence or severe hypoplasia in radial longitudinal deficiency (RLD) is most commonly treated through stabilization of the carpus on the ulna (centralization or radialization) with or without preliminary distraction. Alternative methods include bone transfer to replace the absent or deficient radius using the proximal fibula, vascularized or nonvascularized, and more recently the transfer of a vascularized second metatarsophalangeal joint. There is paucity of articles suggesting vascularized fibula growth plate transfer for RLD grade III where proximal part of radius can be found and none about double fibular growth plate transplantation. We developed new technique a bilateral growth plate transplantation for the pediatric patient with unilateral RLD stage IV (Bayne and Klug). Totally 2 patients were operated using new technique. No vascular problems occurred and no peroneal nerve damage were observed at the follow-ups. Annual growth was determined on x-rays at the 1 and 2-year follow-ups measuring 0.75 to 0.9 cm with open growth plates. The x-rays also show no changes that can harm the long-term growth potential in the forearm, demonstrating this technique's capacity to achieve better results for forearm length and functionality in comparison to the Vilkki procedure or radialization operation and there is no need to sacrifice second toe. Thumb reconstruction can be done at age 3 or 4 years using pollicization or toe-to hand transplantation techniques. The patients and parents are satisfied with functional and esthetic outcomes. We believe the double fibular growth plate transplantation is a promising method to use to reconstruct unilateral RLD grade IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-102
Number of pages5
JournalTechniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2022


  • Congenital hand deformity
  • Radial club hand
  • Vascularized growth plate transplantation

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine
  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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