Dynamic sustainability assessment tool: Case study of green biorefineries in Danish agriculture

Lelde Timma (Coresponding Author), Elina Dace, Troels Kristensen, Marie Trydeman Knudsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    In this work, a novel, dynamic sustainability assessment tool is presented and validated in a case study. This tool combines two methods-system dynamics (SD) and temporal soil carbon modelling. The case study for sustainability analysis of Danish agriculture and green biorefineries supply chains in Denmark is used. The development of the Danish agriculture sector is simulated and assessed in relation to the ecosystem's carrying capacity until 2050, defined as 1.4 livestock units per hectare. The results show that under the current development, the agriculture sector would exceed this carrying capacity shortly after 2030. The results obtained from the dynamic sustainability assessment tool show a more precise and less optimistic projection of future development than the assessment using constant soil carbon modelling values only. The study, therefore, suggests that the use of the temporal aspects in the sustainability assessment should be included and further developed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number7389
    JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
    Issue number18
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Sept 2020


    • Agriculture modeling
    • Biorefineries
    • Ecosystem carrying capacity
    • Impact assessment
    • Planetary boundaries
    • Sustainability assessment
    • System dynamics
    • Temporal aspects

    Field of Science*

    • 5.7 Social and Economic geography
    • 5.9 Other social sciences

    Publication Type*

    • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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