Early literacy skills in Latvian preschool children with specific language impairment

A. Vabale, M. Orlovska, M. Rascevska, A. Kolesovs

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Abstract

The present study explores differences in early literacy skills of Latvian
preschool children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) compared to children
from general population. The participants were 21 children with diagnosis of Specific
developmental disorders of speech and language (F80; ICD-10) and 21 children as matched
control group (in each group: mean age=79 months, 88% boys). Both samples were
selected from the adaptation and standardization study of Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early
Literacy Skills (DIBELS Next) in Latvia (Good & Kaminski et al., 2011; Latvian version,
Rascevska et al., 2013a). The results show significant differences between two groups in
DIBELS Next composite score (t=3.09, p < .01), First Sound Fluency (t = 2.54, p < .05),
Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (t = 2.80, p < .01), Correct Letter Sounds (t = 3.38,
p < .01) and Whole Words Read (t = 3.39, p < .01) from Nonsense Word Fluency.
Phoneme awareness represented by first sound and phoneme segmentation fluency and
phonological decoding observed during nonsense word reading was poorer for the SLI
group, albeit letter naming did not differ in both groups. No differences in letter naming
might be explained due to intensive instruction the children with SLI are receiving in their
institution of special education, while children from general population might not have this
enhanced support.
Phoneme awareness represented by first sound and phoneme segmentation fluency and
phonological decoding observed during nonsense word reading was poorer for the SLI
group, albeit letter naming did not differ in both groups. No differences in letter naming
might be explained due to intensive instruction the children with SLI are receiving in their
institution of special education, while children from general population might not have this
enhanced support.
Original languageEnglish
Article number00049
JournalSHS Web of Conferences
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event4th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference "Society. Health. Welfare" - Riga, Latvia
Duration: 22 Nov 201223 Nov 2012
Conference number: 4

Field of Science*

  • 5.3 Educational sciences

Publication Type*

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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