Echocardiographic follow up after surgical correction of aortic coarctation during the first year of life

Elina Ligere, Inguna Lubaua, Inga Lace, Inta Bergmane, Vita Knauere, Valts Ozolins, Lauris Smits, Normunds Sikora, Aris Lacis

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Coarctation of the aorta (AoCo) accounts for 6-10% of congenital heart diseases in infants. We analysed echocardiographic findings of patients operated on for AoCo in the University Hospital for Children in Riga during the first year of life to evaluate the long-term findings. Fifty-nine children underwent surgical correction of AoCo at the age of 55 ± 61 days. The methods of surgical correction were anastomosis end-to-end (ETE) in 29% (n = 17), subclavian flap aortoplasty (SFA) in 64% (n = 38) and extended anastomosis end-to-end (EETE) in 7% (n = 4). Recoarctation developed in 15 patients (25%) with no difference between surgical techniques (P > 0.05). The recoarcation patients had left ventricle hypertrophy (left ventricle mass index (LVMi) 76 ± 19 g/m2.7) normalising after angioplasty (LVMi 42 ± 7 g/m2.7). Patients with recoarctation had a decreased pulsed wave (PW) Doppler systolic/diastolic ratio in abdominal aorta 2.3 ± 0.4 versus patients without recoarctation 5.3 ± 1.2 and the control group 6.3 ± 1.4 (P < 0.05). A high incidence of recoarctation exists in patients operated on for AoCo as small infants. Life-long surveillance is required to monitor and to intervene in a timely way. Supplementation of the echocardiographic protocol with an evaluation of PW Doppler flow pattern in abdominal aorta can provide additional information about the presence of obstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-471
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, Section B: Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • Coarctation
  • Echocardiography
  • Infants
  • Recoarctation

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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