Education and Decline of Cognitive Abilities in Late Adulthood

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Maintained and good functioning of cognitive processes is the important factor for healthy ageing and the independent
functioning of the elderly in society. The study tests cognitive abilities in a sample of 200 urban environmental
respondents in ages ranging from 50 to 69 years divided into four age groups: 50 – 54. 55 – 59, 60 – 64. 65 – 69 in
the framework of the city research project about the health habits of inhabitants. For data analysis, the three-level
measurements of the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities International Edition were used measured by
Full Scale of Intelligence and three clusters: Verbal Abilities, Thinking Abilities and Cognitive Efficiency. The three factors ANOVA, Spearman correlation test, linear regression and t-test were performed. The most statistically
significant decline in cognitive ability was found in the segment of vocational education in verbal and fluid
thinking abilities. For the higher education segment, the decline in cognitive abilities was reflected in the cognitive
efficiency cluster, in the capacity of the temporary working memory. The basic education segment demonstrated not
statistically significant decline. Studies show that certain cognitive abilities can be trained and thus delay the ageing
process. Training and education are important factors preventing the ageing of cognitive processes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Conference on Lifelong Education and Leadership for All
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings Paper
Place of PublicationSAKARYA
PublisherICLEL Conferences
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)978-605-66495-3-0
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • education
  • Cognitive Abilities
  • decline
  • Late Adulthood

Field of Science*

  • 5.3 Educational sciences

Publication Type*

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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