Effects of Tactical Boots on Foot and Ankle Kinematics

Darja Ņesteroviča-Petrikova (Coresponding Author), Normunds Vaivads, Ainārs Stepens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

30 Downloads (Pure)


Occupational footwear is designed for personnel protection from injuries. Footwear worn in military populations has been associated with potential injury. During the gait foot and ankle segment is important part of body balance. Lower limb injury incidence, especially ankle injuries, remains common among military populations. Study aim was to compare ankle joint angular velocities when walking barefoot and while wearing tactical boots. N = 64 active-duty infantry male soldiers at mean age 30.0 ± 5.5 years participated in this study. Foot and ankle joint angle calculations as well as spatiotemporal gait parameters were evaluated and 2D kinematic assessment was undertaken for barefoot and shod conditions. During the barefoot walk, foot contact angle was reduced comparing with shod conditions. Maximum angular velocities of plantarflexion and dorsiflexion during barefoot walk were elevated comparing with gait using tactical boots. All observed differences were statistically significant (p < 0.001). This study demonstrates that tactical boots change foot and ankle kinematics during the gait. Shod walking indicated reduced motion of foot and ankle. Maximum angular velocity values during ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion in this study are comparable with reported angular velocities observed in healthy populations while using common and athletic footwear.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication 19th Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of NBC 2023, June 12–14, 2023, Liepaja, Latvia
EditorsYuri Dekhtyar, Inga Saknite
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-37132-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-37131-8
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2023
Event19th Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics - Liepaja, Latvia
Duration: 12 Jun 202314 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameIFMBE Proceedings


Conference19th Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics
Abbreviated titleNBC2023
Other19. Ziemeļvalstu un Baltijas Biomedicīnas inženierzinātņu un medicīnas fizikas konference
Internet address


  • Angular velocity
  • Gait analysis
  • military boots

Field of Science*

  • 3.5 Other medical sciences

Publication Type*

  • 3.2. Articles or chapters in other proceedings other than those included in 3.1., with an ISBN or ISSN code


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of Tactical Boots on Foot and Ankle Kinematics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this