Efficacy and tolerability of flexibly-dosed adjunct TC-5214 (dexmecamylamine) in patients with major depressive disorder and inadequate response to prior antidepressant

Eduard Vieta, Michael E. Thase, Dieter Naber, Bernadette D'Souza, Elmars Rancans, Ulla Lepola, Bengt Olausson, Johan Szamosi, Ellis Wilson, David Hosford, Geoffrey Dunbar, Raj Tummala, Hans Eriksson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports the efficacy and tolerability of the nicotinic channel modulator TC-5214 (dexmecamylamine) as adjunct therapy for patients with major depressive disorder who have an inadequate response to initial antidepressant treatment in 2 Phase III studies. These double-blind, placebo-controlled studies (NCT01157078, D4130C00002 [Study 002] conducted in the US and India; NCT01180400, D4130C00003 [Study 003] conducted in Europe) comprised 8 weeks of open-label antidepressant treatment followed by 8 weeks of active treatment during which patients were randomized to flexibly-dosed TC-5214 1-4. mg twice daily (BID) or placebo as an adjunct to ongoing therapy with SSRI/SNRI. The primary efficacy endpoint in both studies was change in Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score from randomization (week 8) to treatment end (week 16). Secondary endpoints included change in Sheehan Disability Scale and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale 17-item scores. Study 002 randomized 319 patients and Study 003 randomized 295 patients to TC-5214 or placebo. At treatment end, no significant differences were seen for change in MADRS total score with TC-5214 versus placebo. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in any of the secondary endpoints. The most commonly reported (≥10%) adverse events with TC-5214 in these studies were constipation and headache. In these 2 flexibly-dosed studies, no specific therapeutic effects were observed for TC-5214 (1-4. mg BID) adjunct to antidepressant in the primary endpoint or any secondary endpoint; however, TC-5214 was generally well tolerated. In conclusion, no antidepressant effect of TC-5214 was observed in these studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-574
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


  • Adjunct therapy
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Nicotinic channel modulator
  • TC-5214

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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