Epidemiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease in patiens referred for upper endoscopy

Georgijs Moisejevs, Agnese Sudraba, Aigars Vanags, Ivars Tolmanis, Aivars Lejnieks, Marcis Leja

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


Introduction: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) becoming the most common acid hypersecretion related disease worldwide (Bardan et al.). Different studies indicate, that GERD prevalence in Western countries is 10-20 % and is associated with obesity and smoking.
Study Aims: To describe GERD structure in Latvia and identify appearance of some factors, that may predesponde to GERD such as smoking and overweight.
Methods: From 2005 till 2011 year 822 patients with different complaints from gastrointestinal system (GIS) has answered special questionnaires and underwent upper endoscopy. From 822 patients GERD was identified in 272 patients. 50 patients were excluded from the analysis due to different reasons. 222 were divided into two groups: 70 patients with erosive reflux disease (ERD) and 152 patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). ERD patients have visible mucosal brakes in the esophagus during endoscopy. NERD patients have heartburn and/or acid regurgitation symptoms appearing for at least twice a week and do not have erosive or ulcerative lesions during endoscopy. Descriptive statistical methods were used.
Results: There was 29 men and 41 women with ERD, and 42 and 110, respectively, with NERD. Average age of patients with ERD was 44.73 ± 16.18 years (22-78) and 47.03 ± 14.87 years (18-78) in NERD patients. Average body mass index (BMI) in ERD patients was 27.93 ± 6.38 and 26.46 ± 5.43 in NERD patients. Positive smoking history had 39 (55.71 %) ERD patients and 52 (33.99 %) NERD patients.
Conclusions: Prevalence of ERD was 8.52 % and 18.49 % of NERD in the group of patients referred for upper endoscopy. ERD and NERD affecting middle age persons, usually women. Both ERD and NERD patients had increased BMI. Frequency of smoking was higher in ERD group
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
EventV Latvian Gastroenterology Congress with international participation - Riga Congress Hall, Riga, Latvia
Duration: 12 Nov 201112 Nov 2011
Conference number: 5


CongressV Latvian Gastroenterology Congress with international participation
Internet address

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 3.4. Other publications in conference proceedings (including local)


Dive into the research topics of 'Epidemiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease in patiens referred for upper endoscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this