Factors associated with COVID-19 vaccination behaviour in Latvian population: cross-sectional study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Vaccination is the most effective way of limiting the spread of COVID-19. However, despite the proven effectiveness and safety of vaccines, there is resistance in society and the course of vaccination is slow. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with COVID-19 vaccination behaviour. Methods: The data originate from a representative sample of Latvian residents ( N   = 1017) taken in September 2021. The data were analysed using Chi-squared test, Mann-Whitney test, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, Kruskal Wallis test, and Binary Logistic regression analysis. Results: The results of the study reveal several factors that are associated with COVID-19 vaccination behaviour. These factors are a higher level of education, motivation for protecting oneself against illness, for promoting collective immunity, protecting relatives and other people from infection, as well as motivation for vaccination in order to keep a job or continue studies, and institutional trust. On the other hand, perceived social support from relatives is negatively associated with vaccination behaviour. Conclusion: A higher level of education and confidence in evidence-based information on COVID-19, provided by official sources of information, is the key factor in deciding whether to protect oneself from serious illness or to make a choice to promote collective immunity and protect other people. The need for vaccination in order to continue working and/or learning is also an essential motive for vaccination. On the other hand, the belief that, if necessary, it is possible to receive support from relatives may be a delaying factor in the behaviour of vaccination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-536
Number of pages23
JournalHealth Psychology and Behavioral Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • COVID-19 vaccination behaviour
  • fear of COVID-19
  • institutional trust
  • perceived social support
  • perceived vulnerability

Field of Science*

  • 5.1 Psychology

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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