Fatal Babesia canis canis infection in a splenectomized Estonian dog

Valentina Tiškina, Valentina Capligina, Külli Must, Inese Berzina, Renate Ranka, Pikka Jokelainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A previously splenectomized dog from Estonia was presented with a sudden lack of appetite and discoloration of the urine. Despite supportive therapy, its condition deteriorated dramatically during 1 day. Severe thrombocytopenia and high numbers of protozoan hemoparasites were evident in blood smears, and the hematocrit dropped from 46 to 33%. The dog was euthanized before specific antibabesial treatment was initiated. Blood samples from the dog and from two other dogs in the same household tested positive for Babesia using molecular methods, and the sequences of partial 18S rRNA gene confirmed the causative species as Babesia canis canis. The risk of severe, rapidly progressing babesiosis in splenectomized dogs merits awareness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalActa Veterinaria Scandinavica
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2016

Keywords*

  • Blood smear
  • Canine babesiosis
  • Europe
  • Splenectomy

Field of Science*

  • 4.3 Veterinary science

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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