FREQUENT WORKPLACE CONFLICTS INCREASE SICKNESS PRESENTEEISM – RESULTS FROM POOLED ANALYSES IN LATVIA

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. The objective was to investigate if the frequency of different workplace conflicts has an effect on self-reported sickness presenteeism.
Methods. Cross-sectional survey data pooled from four periodic national surveys “Work conditions and risks in Latvia” (2006 – 2018) were used. The studied outcome sickness presenteeism was defined as went to work while being ill.
A computer-assisted personal interviewing method for data collection of randomly selected respondents was used to obtain the sample representative to the working population of Latvia. The study sample (n=6368) consisted of hired workers between 16 and 80 (average 42.9 +/- 12.6), 47.1% males and 52.9% females. The association between frequency of workplace conflicts and presenteeism was analysed using binomial logistic regression with adjustment for gender, age, education, and survey year. Respondents who were not ill during the last year were a reference group.
Results. The odds of presenteeism significantly increased along with the increase in the prevalence of all types of conflicts, but most significantly with conflicts between managers and workers (OR=7.20 for often conflicts, 95% CI 5.14-10.09, OR=3.50 for occasional conflicts, 95% CI 2.78-4.42, OR=2.28 for rare conflicts, 95% CI 1.86-2.79). In general, the odds of sickness presenteeism for other types of conflicts increased four times - for often conflicts with customers (OR=4.03, 95% CI 2.85-5.70), between groups of workers (OR=3.86, 95% CI 1.90-7.87) and individual workers (OR=4.36, 95% CI 2.58-7.36), if compared with respondents not reporting the respective type of conflicts.
Conclusions. Any frequency of workplace conflicts is significantly associated with increased presenteeism, furthermore, more frequent conflicts are associated with higher odds. It is known that presenteeism is associated with lower productivity and future sickness absence, therefore the message on hidden effects of conflicts should be passed to employers to implement targeted preventive measures.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
EventTHE 63rd INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE OF DAUGAVPILS UNIVERSITY - , Latvia
Duration: 15 Apr 202116 Apr 2021
https://dukonference.lv/en

Conference

ConferenceTHE 63rd INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE OF DAUGAVPILS UNIVERSITY
Country/TerritoryLatvia
Period15/04/2116/04/21
Internet address

Field of Science*

  • 5.1 Psychology

Publication Type*

  • 3.2. Articles or chapters in other proceedings other than those included in 3.1., with an ISBN or ISSN code

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