Hard TiO2-SiO2 sol-gel coatings for enamel against chemical corrosion

Ilona Pavlovska, Kaspars Malnieks, Gundars Mezinskis, Laimons Bidermanis, Margarita Karpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Sol-gel derived coatings composed of TiO2-SiO2 were deposited on enamelled stainless steel. In order to study the influence of the thickness on the morphological parameters, achieve continuous enamel surfacing and improve the corrosion-resistance and mechanical strength of silicate enamel for stainless steel were used. Sol-gel coatings with different compositions, heat treatment and numbers of layers were prepared in this work. The structure and morphology of the films were demonstrated by the means of X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron (SEM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopies. Thin triple layer crack-free films with a thickness of 470nm were obtained. The mechanical strength (HV) of the three-layer coating was 10.4GPa and was achieved at a temperature of 700°C. Thin SiO2-TiO2 sol-gel coatings were applied in order to enhance the chemical durability of these coatings in both acidic and basic solutions in accordance with ISO 28706 standards. Corrosion tests with the uncoated and sol-gel coated enamel were performed in 3wt.% boiling oxalic acid at 95-98°C and in 1N NaOH solution at 80°C. Crack-free 470nm 3-layer silica-titania coatings significantly improved chemical resistance against the basic medium (up to 80%) and stability against the acid medium (up to 28%) for the S80 sample fired at 700°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-210
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemical resistance
  • Enamel
  • Mechanical strength
  • Sol-gel coatings
  • Stainless steel
  • TiO-SiO

Field of Science*

  • 1.4 Chemical sciences
  • 2.4 Chemical engineering

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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