Health-Related Quality of Life among Patients with Severe Carotid Artery Stenosis

Elina Pucite, Marius Šlisers, Evija Miglāne, Dainis Krieviņš, Andrejs Millers, Inese Blimhena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Information about changes of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after revascularisation as well how revascularisation procedure influences daily activities, cognitive functioning and general health is controversial. The objectives of our study were to evaluate and describe the HRQoL among patients with severe carotid artery disease; to evaluate the difference of HRQoL between symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery disease; and to explore the possible associations between some demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with carotid artery disease and HRQoL. The cross-sectional study included 33 patients who were referred for carotid artery endarterectomy. Data assessment was done one to three days before surgery. The HRQoL was assessed using the Medical Outcome Survey Form 36 (SF-36v2). Patients with symptomatic carotid artery disease had the lowest mean SF-36v2 scores for physical functioning, role-physical, general health and mental health. There was moderate correlation (rs= 0.441) between mean SF-36v2 scores of mental health and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) scores. There is also indirect indication for probable correlation between MoCA test scores and mean SF-36v2 scores of social functioning, which might become statistically significant if more patients would be included. Patients with severe carotid artery disease in our study had lower mean SF-36v2 scores for role-physical, for bodily pain and for perception about their health status (general health). HRQoL in patients with severe carotid artery, stenosis was poorer in patients with symptomatic carotid artery disease and was not affected by gender and other clinical characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-242
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, Section B: Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • carotid stenosis
  • HRQoL
  • MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment) scale
  • SF-36v2 Survey Form

Field of Science

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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