History of renal replacement therapy in Baltic countries

Vytautas Kuzminskis, Mai Rosenberg, Harijs Černevskis, Inga Arune Bumblyte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The history of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the 3 Baltic countries can be divided into 2 periods: the Soviet period (1944-1991) with strict central regulation and isolation from Western countries, and the period of independence (1991 to the present). Between 1963 and 1967, hemodialysis was used in cases of acute kidney injury and later in chronic renal failure, but only for patients suitable for kidney transplantation. The first renal transplant was performed in 1968, in Tartu, Estonia, and shortly thereafter, in Lithuania and Latvia. During the period of independence, development of RRT has been extremely rapid, and now this field of the health system has no major differences from that in other developed countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S97-S99
JournalJournal of Nephrology
Issue numberSUPPL. 17
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Baltic countries
  • Hemodialysis
  • History of renal replacement therapy
  • Kidney transplantation

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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