Background: High level of homocysteine (Hcy) is risk factor of schizophrenia and mood disorders. Aim: The aim was to detect a serum level of Hcy, examine the associations between the level of Hcy, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene C677T polymorphism and clinical properties for patients with schizophrenia, mood disorders and in a control group. Material and methods: There were 88 patients with schizophrenia, 28 with affective disorders and 94 from the control group. The Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) was performed to study anxiety, the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) to study depression and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) to study severity of schizophrenia. The level of Hcy was stated by isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system with fluorometric detection. DNA isolation from venous blood was performed by the phenol-chloroform method. Results: The levels of B12 vitamin and folic acid were within normal limits for all the patients. The average level of Hcy was 11.94 ± 5.6 μmol/l for patients with schizophrenia and 11.65 ± 3.3 μmol/l for patients with affective disorders, vs. 6.80 ± 2.93 μmol/l in a control group. The highest level of Hcy has been observed in patients with an episodic-recurrent course of schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia-continuous, particularly in patients with CT genotype (r = - 0.58; P < 0.01). In the given diagnostic groups, the highest level of anxiety was observed. Conclusions: The level of Hcy is higher in the blood of a heterozygotic person who becomes ill with schizophrenia, and the process of the illness is more serious and with more typical affective disorders.
- Child psychiatry
- Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase
- Mood disorders
Field of Science
- 3.2 Clinical medicine
- 3.1 Basic medicine
- 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database