How it feels to be jeered at: Perception of inclusion/ exclusion

Mara Dirba (Coresponding Author)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The focus of this chapter is on the inclusion of the most vulnerable groups, especially people with mental disability in Latvian society. Support systems for people with a disability have changed enormously since joining the EU in 2004 as the result of the referendum. The time period is long enough to observe how subtle and radical changes have happened. The chapter explores personal perceptions and the feelings of people with mental disabilities whether they feel included or excluded and how policy documents and legislation and other administrative measures, as well as the active role of NGOs have promoted the inclusion of persons with disability in society. The chapter describes how much has been achieved as well as the drawbacks and needs for the future. The findings show that there is strong stigma against people with disabilities and especially with mental disorders. Despite some positive changes in the support system the people with disabilities and especially with mental disorders tend to feel excluded and constantly jeered at and as a result their health instead of improving tends to get worse.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Perspectives on Inclusion within Society and Education
EditorsMabel Ann Brown
PublisherTaylor and Francis Ltd.
ISBN (Electronic)9781003016090
ISBN (Print)9780367859718
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

Field of Science*

  • 5.4 Sociology

Publication Type*

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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