Hypertension in Latvia - Epidemiology and management

Vilnis Dzerve, Aivars Lejnieks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The aims of investigations were to assess the prevalence of arterial hypertension (AH) among Latvian population aged ≥45 years and to evaluate the current AH management situation in Latvia. Four epidemiological databases (Dbases) for analyses were selected: Dbases of a randomized urban population of Riga city (in 1997) and Kuldiga region (in 2000), a Dbase of the DIASCREEN population selected by high risk to diabetes from those visiting family doctors (in 2003) and a Dbase of a Latvian population selected from those visiting family doctors during 3 days in 2005. The prevalence of AH in the urban population was 41.8±1.4% (with 61.2% for persons over age 45), in rural population 40.5±1.6% (with 63.7% for those aged above 45). Therapeutic control of AH for patients over 45 years with regular medicine intake differed significantly in three samples of the population analysed: Riga 7.2±2.7%, Kuldiga 9.9±1.6% and DIASCREEN 6.4±0.8%. The addition of another risk factor decreases the control rate, especially in a combination of AH and overweight. The most widely prescribed drugs are angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) 31%, diuretics 21% and beta-blockers 20% of patients. AH control rate in the case of monotherapy with ACEI was 6.9±0.9%, calcium antagonists 5.6±1.2%, beta-blockers 12.5±2.0% and diuretics 3.8±1.4%. The current status of management of hypertension in Latvia is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-32
Number of pages4
JournalBlood Pressure
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005
EventSatellite Symposium to the 15th Meeting of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH): Prevention of Arterial Hypertension - Cracow, Poland
Duration: 11 Jun 200511 Jun 2005
Conference number: 15


  • Antihypertensive treatment
  • Epidemiology of hypertension
  • Management of hypertension

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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