In vivo measurements of the cerebral perfusion and cardiovascular effects of the novel guanidine ME10092 in the non-human primate, Papio ursinus

D. W. Oliver, I. C. Dormehl, J. E.S. Wikberg, W. K.A. Louw, M. Dambrova, A. Van Gelder, E. Kilian, E. Jansen Van Rensburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The novel guanidines N-(3,4-dimethoxy-2-chlorobenzylideneamino)-guanidine (ME 10092) and N-(3,4-dimethoxy-2-chlorobenzylideneamino)-N1- hydroxyguanidine (PR5) were recently reported to exhibit promising cardioprotective activities in myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion in rats. The current study investigated for the first time pharmacological effects of ME10092 in the primate, viz. the Cape baboon Papio ursinus. The effects of ME10092 (1 and 2 mg/kg doses) on the cerebral blood flow, heart rates and the systolic and diastolic blood pressure were investigated after intravenous injection to the baboon under anaesthesia. The cerebral perfusion effects of ME10092 were assessed using Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography according to the split-dose approach and 99mTc-hexamethyl-propylene amine oxime as brain perfusion tracer. The observation that the recovery times from the anaesthesia were unacceptably prolonged excluded doses beyond 2 mg/kg. The data indicate that no cerebral perfusion changes were induced at both the 1 and 2 mg/kg doses of ME10092. Both these doses of ME10092 showed blood pressure and heart rate effects, with the latter being more significant. Decreases in heart rate were seen directly after ME10092 administration reaching levels of about 20% for the 2 mg/kg dose and about 15% for the 1 mg/kg dose at around 6 min post drug administration. A transient decrease in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure was observed for the higher dose. The blood pressure data further suggest an attenuation of the anaesthesia induced increase in pressure usually present in non-intervention studies. ME10092 clearly exhibits mycocardial effects in the non-human primate, similar to the effects previously observed in the ischaemia-reperfusion rat model, where ME10092 showed strong protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2057-2064
Number of pages8
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sept 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Anaesthesia
  • Blood pressure
  • Brain perfusion
  • Heart rate
  • Ischaemia
  • Non-human primate
  • Novel guanidine

Field of Science*

  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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