Individual and collective protective responses during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in 10 different countries: Results from the EUCLID online survey

Julia E. Koller (Coresponding Author), Karoline Villinger, Nadine C. Lages, Pilvikki Absetz, Melanie Bamert, Cátia Branquinho, Lourdes Chaves-Avilés, Panagiota Dimitropoulou, Ana Lucía Fernández-Fernández, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Inguna Griskevica, Benicio Gutiérrez-Doña, Nelli Hankonen, Jennifer Inauen, Dimitrinka Jordanova Peshevska, Angelos P. Kassianos, Jeļena Koļesņikova, Meta Lavrič, Tamara Mitanovska, Efrat NeterVita Poštuvan, Ingrida Trups-Kalne, Jorge Vargas-Carmiol, Harald T. Schupp, Britta Renner

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Abstract

Background: In times of unprecedented infectious disease threats, it is essential to understand how to increase individual protective behaviors and support for collective measures. The present study therefore examines factors associated with individual and collective pathways. Methods: Data was collected through an online survey from 4483 participants (70.8% female, M = 41.2 years) across 10 countries from April 15, 2020 to June 2, 2020 as part of the "EUCLID" project (https://euclid.dbvis.de). Structural equation modeling was used to examine individual and collective pathways across and within countries. Results: Overall, the adoption of individual protective behaviors and support for collective measures were high. Risk perception on the individual level and perceived effectiveness at the collective level were positively associated with both individual protective behaviors and support for collective measures. Furthermore, the model explained considerable variance in individual (40.7%) and collective protective behaviors (40.8%) and was largely replicated across countries. Conclusions: The study extends previous research by demonstrating that individual risk perception and perceived effectiveness of collective measures jointly affect individual protective health behaviors and support for collective measures. These findings highlight the need to jointly consider a variety of behavioral actions against infectious disease threats, acknowledging interactions between individual and collective pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-364
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume122
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

Keywords*

  • Collective measures
  • Cross-amplification
  • Latvia
  • Protective behavior
  • Risk perception

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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