Individual and collective protective responses during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in 10 different countries: Results from the EUCLID online-survey

Ingūna Griškēviča (Coresponding Author), Julia Elisa Koller Julia Elisa, Jeļena Koļesņikova (Coresponding Author), Ingrīda Trups-Kalne (Coresponding Author), Julia Elisa Koller (Coresponding Author), Karoline Villinger (Coresponding Author), Nadine Catherine Lages (Coresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
In times of unprecedented infectious disease threats, it is essential to understand how to increase the adoption of individual protective behaviors and support for collective Powered by Editorial Manager® and ProduXion Manager® from Aries Systems Corporation measures. The present study therefore examines factors associated with individual and collective pathways, and points out connections between them.
Methods
Data was collected via an online survey from 4,483 participants (70.8% female,
M=41.2 years) across 10 countries during an early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, April 15th to June 2nd, 2020, as part of the "EUCLID" project ( https://euclid.dbvis.de ). Structural equation modeling was used to examine a model encompassing individual and collective pathways across and within countries.
Results
The results show that risk perception on the individual level and perceived
effectiveness at the collective level are positively associated with both individual
protective behaviors and support for collective measures. Furthermore, the model explained considerable variance in both individual protective behaviors (40.7%) and collective protective behaviors (40.8%), and was largely replicated across countries.
Conclusions
The present study shows cross-amplifying effects between individual and collective pathways and extends previous research that focused separately on either the individual or the collective pathway. These findings highlight the need to consider awide range of behavioral actions against infectious disease threats together and to take interactions between individual and collective pathways into account.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberTHEIJID-D-21-03421
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords*

  • protective behavior
  • collective measures
  • cross-amplification
  • risk perception
  • cross-country differences

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.3. Anonymously reviewed scientific article published in a journal with an international editorial board and is available in another indexed database

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