Integrating Genes Affecting Coronary Artery Disease in Functional Networks by Multi-OMICs Approach

Baiba Vilne, Heribert Schunkert

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI) remain among the leading causes of mortality worldwide, urgently demanding a better understanding of disease etiology, and more efficient therapeutic strategies. Genetic predisposition as well as the environment and lifestyle are thought to contribute to disease risk. It is likely that non-linear and complex interactions occur between these multiple factors, involving simultaneous pathological changes in diverse cell types, tissues, and organs, at multiple molecular levels. Recent technological advances have exponentially expanded the breadth of available -omics data, from genome, epigenome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome to even the microbiome. Integration of multiple layers of information across several -omics domains, i.e., the so-called multi-omics approach, currently holds the promise as a path toward precision medicine. Indeed, a more meaningful interpretation of genotype-phenotype relationships and the development of successful therapeutics tailored to individual patients are urgently needed. In this review, we will summarize recent findings and applications of integrative multi-omics in elucidating the etiology of CAD/MI; with a special focus on established disease susceptibility loci sequentially identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) over the last 10 years. Moreover, in addition to the autosomal genome, we will also consider the genetic variation in our “second genome”—the mitochondrial genome. Finally, we will summarize the current challenges in the field and point to future research directions required in order to successfully and effectively apply these approaches for precision medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number89
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • genomics
  • gut microbiome
  • metabolomics
  • multiomics
  • transcriptomics

Field of Science

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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