Ischemic Stroke Due to Middle Cerebral Artery M1 Segment Occlusion: Latvian Stroke Register Data

Ramona Valante, Inese Blimhena, Evija Miglāne, Andrejs Millers, Arturs Balodis, Elina Pucite

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The occlusion of middle cerebral artery (MCA) is the most common cause of ischemic stroke. A retrospective single centre analysis of ischemic stroke was conducted using data from the Latvian Stroke Register in the period from January 2013 till December 2014. The study included 478 patients who had confirmed MCA occlusion using computed tomography angiography (CTA). Half of the patients were males-237 (49.6%), average age 69.51, average age of females was 74.58 years. Cardioembolic stroke was the most common cause of MCA M1 segment occlusion in 294 (61.5%) cases. Small cerebral artery occlusion was not a cause of M1 MCA occlusion. The reperfusion therapy group consisted of 209 patients and the conservative therapy group of 269 patients. Both groups presented similar neurological status when they were admitted to hospital. However, the reperfusion therapy group had better neurological status (NIHSS 6.82) than in the conservative therapy group (NIHSS 8.2) at the time period when patients were discharged from hospital (p < 0.05). There were more cases of good functional outcome (39.2%) and less of poor (34.5%) in the reperfusion group, as well as less mortality-7.6%. Middle cerebral artery (MCA) is the most common site of stroke and the most common cause of its occlusion is cardioembolism. There is high incidence of recurrence of stroke due to M1 MCA occlusion. Both groups presented a similar neurological status on admission, but more improvement was seen in the reperfusion therapy group after discharge of patients from hospital. The functional outcome was also better in the reperfusion therapy group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-277
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, Section B: Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2015


  • computed tomography angiography
  • conservative therapy
  • ischemic stroke
  • middle cerebral artery
  • reperfusion therapy

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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