Knowledge, Attitudes and COVID-19-related Behavior among Individuals Aged 50 and Older in Latvia

Ilona Gehtmane-Hofmane, Madara Teraudkalna, Olga Rajevska, Ilze Koroleva, Ieva Reine

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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic by the WHO on March11,2020,due to its high infection rate,which caused thousands of deaths worldwide and expanding.The evolving outbreak of COVID-19 requireshealth-protective behavior that can alleviate the severity of an epidemic. Therefore, recognizing the underlying drivers of health-protective behavior against COVID-19 is urgently needed to form policy responses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the individual-level underlying drivers affecting the formation of knowledge, attitudes, and COVID-19-related health-protective behavior among individuals aged 50 and older who are more vulnerable to complications of infection because of their age.The factors making individuals more vulnerable are also associated with the ability to access and understand information, make well-informed decisions, and take health-protective and promoting actions,especially when information itself is not timely, trusted, consistent, or actionable. The researchers used data from a representative population sample consisting of 50-80-year-old individuals, obtained from in-depth, semi-structuredtelephone interviews during July –August2020,between the first and second waves of COVID-19. For conducting qualitative data analyses, the Grounded Theory (GT) approach for developing code structure was used.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-112
Number of pages11
JournalSociety. Integration. Education=Sabiedrība. Integrācija. Izglītība
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventInternational Scientific Conference “Society. Integration. Education: Sabiedrība. Integrācija. Izglītība”, 2021 - RTA , Rēzekne, Latvia
Duration: 28 May 202129 May 2021


  • attitudes
  • COVID-19
  • Grounded Theory Approach,
  • health literacy
  • health-protective behavior,
  • knowledge

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 3.2. Articles or chapters in other proceedings other than those included in 3.1., with an ISBN or ISSN code


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