Long-term treatment with the oncolytic ECHO-7 virus Rigvir of a melanoma stage IV M1c patient, a small cell lung cancer stage IIIA patient, and a histiocytic sarcoma stage IV patient-three case reports

Pēteris Alberts, Evija Olmane, Linda Brokāne, Zanda Krastiņa, Māra Romanovska, Kārlis Kupčs, Sergejs Isajevs, Guna Proboka, Romualds Erdmanis, Jurijs Nazarovs, Dite Venskus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oncolytic virotherapy is a recent addition to cancer treatment. Here, we describe positive treatment outcomes in three patients using Rigvir virotherapy. One of the patients is diagnosed with melanoma stage IV M1c, one with small cell lung cancer stage IIIA, and one with histiocytic sarcoma stage IV. The diagnoses of all patients are verified by histology or cytology. All patients started Rigvir treatment within a few months after being diagnosed and are currently continuing Rigvir treatment. The degree of regression of the disease has been determined by computed tomography. Safety assessment of adverse events graded according to NCI CTCAE did not show any value above grade 1 during Rigvir® treatment. Using current standard treatments, the survival of patients with the present diagnoses is low. In contrast, the patients described here were diagnosed 3.5, 7.0, and 6.6 years ago, and their condition has improved and been stabile for over 1.5, 6.5, and 4 years, respectively. These observations suggest that virotherapy using Rigvir can successfully be used in long-term treatment of patients with melanoma stage IV M1c, small cell lung cancer stage IIIA, and histiocytic sarcoma stage IV and therefore could be included in prospective clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)896-904
Number of pages9
JournalAPMIS
Volume124
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Histiocytic sarcoma
  • immunotherapy
  • melanoma
  • oncolytic virotherapy
  • Rigvir
  • small cell lung cancer
  • virotherapy

Field of Science

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine
  • 1.6 Biological sciences

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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