Measuring mental health and well-being of school-children in 15 European countries using the KIDSCREEN-10 Index

Michael Erhart, Veronika Ottova, Tania Gaspar, the HBSC Positive Health Focus Group, Inese Gobina (Member of the Working Group)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To test the psychometric properties and measurement results of the KIDSCREEN-10 Mental Health Index in school children from 15 European countries. Methods: Within the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children 2005/2006 Survey, 78,000 pupils aged 11, 13, 15 answered the KIDSCREEN and additional measures. Cronbach's alpha, Rasch partial credit model itemfit and ANOVAs were conducted. Results: Cronbach's alpha was 0.81, Rasch infit mean square residuals were 0.7'1.3. Mean scores varied 0.8 standard deviation across countries. Older pupils (effect size [ES] = 0.6), girls (ES = 0.2), pupils with low socio-economic status (ES = 0.5) or frequent health complaints (r = 0.5) reported decreased mental health. Conclusions: The KIDSCREEN-10 displayed good psychometric properties. Measured differences between countries, age, gender, SES, and health complaints comply with theoretical considerations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S160-S166
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume54
Issue numberS2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords*

  • Children & adolescents
  • HBSC Study
  • KIDSCREEN-10 Index
  • Mental health
  • Well-being

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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