Meldra Ivbule, Anda Valdovska, Edvins Miklasevics, Liene Cupane

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been found in various species of animals,
livestock, farmers, slaughterhouses workers and retail meat. During slaughtering process of MRSA positive
animals, workers may get infection as well as contamination of carcasses with MRSA may occur.
The aim of the study was to find out occurrence of MRSA in pig slaughterhouses.
Microbiological samples (n=248) including nasal (n=75), rectal (n=75), samples from pig carcasses (n=80)
and environment (n=18) were collected during winter 2013/2014 from three Latvia slaughterhouses with
different slaughter capacity. Isolation and identification of the MRSA was done by conventional and molecular
MRSA was found in slaughterhouses average in 53% of pigs. MRSA was detected in 35% of nasal, 21% of
rectal and in 6% of samples from pig carcasses. Only 9% of all positive samples, MRSA were found both rectal
and nasal samples in animals. In major cases MRSA was detected in pigs 27% only in nasal and 19% - only in
rectal samples. There was seen a tendency: as higher the capacity of slaughter, as higher the contamination of
pig carcasses with MRSA. According to our data MRSA was found only in carcasses that were prepared with
scalding method.
As it is seen from our study, occurrence of MRSA in slaughtered pigs was quite high, but considering good
hygiene practice during the meat production process, contamination from slaughtered pigs to carcasses
decreased 6 times. The main source of MRSA contamination for carcasses is pigs that are colonized with
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNordic View to Sustainable Rural Development
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 25th NJF Congress
EditorsSandija Zeverte-Rivza
Place of PublicationRiga
PublisherNJF Latvia
ISBN (Print)978-9934-14-548-3
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event25th Congress of the Nordic Association of Agriculture Scientists (NJF) "Nordic View to Sustainable Rural Development" - University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
Duration: 16 Jun 201518 Jun 2015
Conference number: 25


Congress25th Congress of the Nordic Association of Agriculture Scientists (NJF) "Nordic View to Sustainable Rural Development"
Abbreviated titleNJF
Internet address


  • Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  • slaughterhouses

Field of Science*

  • 4.1 Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries
  • 1.6 Biological sciences
  • 4.3 Veterinary science

Publication Type*

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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