Modification of swelling-contraction-aggregation processes in rat muscle mitochondria by the 1,4-dihydropyridines, cerebrocrast and glutapyrone, themselves and in the presence of azidothymidine

Astrida Velena, Arnis Skujiņš, Šimons Svirskis, Egils Bisenieks, Janis Uldriķis, Janis Poikans, Gunars Duburs, Vija Kluša

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of the 1,4-dihydropyridines (DHPs), water-soluble glutapyrone available as sodium, potassium and ammonium salts of 2-(2,6-dimethyl-3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-DHP-4-carboxamide) glutaric acid, from one side, and a lipophylic cerebrocrast, 2-propoxyethyl 2,6-dimethyl-4-(2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-1,4-DHP-3,5-dicarboxylate, from the other side, on partially damaged mitochondria of the Wistar rat hindlimb muscle was also studied. The following tests were made: (1) rates of endogenous respiration and substrate (succinate) oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation; (2) rates and amplitudes of high-amplitude swelling and contraction after the addition of ATP, ADP and succinate to the previously swollen mitochondria and (3) rate of reversible self-aggregation of mitochondria isolated in salt media after ATP-induced contraction without and in the presence of azidothymidine (AZT). Cerebrocrast (10-100 μM) partially normalized the endogenous respiration rate and slightly augmented the respiration rate after the addition of succinate and to lesser extent ADP. Cerebrocrast in a concentration-dependent manner (2.5-50 μM) increased (two-fold at 20-50 μM) the active contraction amplitude of swollen mitochondria, induced by single or repeated additions of ATP. The influence of cerebrocrast on the ADP- and succinate-induced contractions was less obvious. Unlike cerebrocrast glutapyrone caused a reduction of the ATP-induced contraction amplitude (two-fold at 0.5-5.0 mM), not impairing the mitochondrial contraction ability in response to ATP or succinate. Pre-exposure to 2.5 mM glutapyrone resulted in at least a 10-fold inhibition of the reversible aggregation rate in the presence of 99 and 198 μM AZT. The results suggest the usefulness of further study of cerebrocrast and glutapyrone in preventing AZT-induced and some other mitochondrial myopathies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalCell Biochemistry and Function
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords*

  • 1,4-Dihydropyridines
  • Azidothymidine (AZT)
  • Cerebrocrast
  • Glutapyrone
  • High-amplitude swelling-contraction-aggregation
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Rat muscle mitochondria
  • Substrate oxidation

Field of Science*

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 1.6 Biological sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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