Multi-method analysis of gender differences in psychological distress among the elderly during COVID: Ieva Reine

Courtney Queen, R. Pasupathy, Ieva Reine (Coresponding Author)

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As COVID swept through Europe, and the world, with high rates of illness and death, so did symptoms of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, stress, and psychological distress. This study examines the relationship between gender and psychological distress among Latvians over 50 years old within the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Data from Wave 8 COVID-19 data of the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) as an early data version of the SHARE Corona survey conducted between June and August 2020. It features the data collected by telephone (CATI) on topics related to COVID-19 for a large sub-sample of SHARE panel respondents. This study examined a sample of 980 adults over 50 years old in Latvia. Bivariate analysis were performed utilizing the Pearson chi-square test for association to examine differences in symptoms of psychological distress by gender during the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Level of significance was determined by the p-value test statistic. Alpha level was established at .05. A chi-square test for association shows that there were statistically relationships between gender and feeling nervous (X2 (2, N = 976) = 22.11, p < .001), feeling depressed (X2 (3, N = 976) = 10.95, p < .01), and trouble sleeping (X2 (2, N = 976) = 20.40, p < .001). This study rejects the null hypothesis that no differences exist between the genders, as women reported greater psychological distress during the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Additional multi-method analysis is consistent with these findings and concludes that this is due to the greater concern women report for family, and the burden which placed limitations on meeting their children and grandchildren.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-396
Number of pages1
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Issue numberSupplement_3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
Event15th European Public Health (EPH) Conference: Strengthening health systems: improving population health and being prepared for the unexpected - Germany, Berlin, Germany
Duration: 9 Nov 202212 Nov 2022
Conference number: 15

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences
  • 5.1 Psychology

Publication Type*

  • 3.3. Publications in conference proceedings indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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